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    白金会在线网址【haibaoyinshua.com.cn】为您提供集团最新官方网站,更高级的VIP服务体验,更多的优惠活动,更快速的存取款时间,专属美女客服一对一服务,赶快注册游戏吧。嘉峪关疑坟网络科技(原苏州亮炙新能源有限公司)成立于1997年,占地面积42881平方米,24K皇冠手机官方网站其中生产厂房占地2764平方米,仓库面积占地2330平方米。固定资产3664万元,流动资产1861万元,干部职工共304人,工程技术人员94人。白金会在线网址The2000QuestionnaireSurveyforChina’sEnterpriseExecutiveswasorganizedandcarriedoutbyChinaEnterpriseExecutiveSurveyingSystemaffiliatedwiththeI,000copiesofthequestionnaireweredistributedinmid-August2000,and5,057validquestionnaireswerereturnedbyenterprisesofalltradesin31provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalities,excludingHongKong,%%,%,47%%.Ofthepersonssurveyed,%holdpositionsaschairmanoftheboard,generalmanager,,thissurveyasksenterpriseexecutivessuchquestionsaseconomictrend,effectofthestate’smacro-economicpolicyandtheenterprises’hat,withtheenforcementofvariousmacro-controlpoliciessincethebeginningofthisyear,tly,thequalityofthenationaleconomicperformancehasbeenimprovingsteadily,the“Westerndevelopment”,enterpriseexecutivesalsoholdthatthefoundationforthecurrenteconomicreboundisnotsolidandfirm,ityofenterpriseactivemacro-controlpolicies,speedupstrategicadjustmentoftheeconomicstructure,deepenthereformsofstate-ownedenterprseexecutivesbelievethatChina’%oftheexec,%saythatitshows“obviousreboundandupbeatprospect”,%feel“cautiouslyupbeatabouttherebound”(Table1).Table1Enterpriseexecutives’judgementonthetrendofcurrenteconomicperformanceItcanbeseenfromCh,,theannualgrowthratejumpedover14percent,,theCentralGovernmenttookstrictmeasuresofmacro-regulationincludingadoptionofadministrativemeasuressu,theslowdownofgrowthduringthisperiodoftimewasanormalresponsetothemeasu,however,,theCentralGovernmenthasshiftedtoanexpansivefinancialandmonet,,andlargeamountsofproductioncapacitiesremainidle,,surplusofproductioncapacitieswhenithasjustreachedafairlyprimarystageofdevelopmentToanswerthisquestion,itisnecessaandfornon-governmentalinvestment--twomajorfactorsrestrictinggrowthofdomesticdemandDemandcanbedivided,firstofall,,theAsianfinancialcrisisin1997anditsseriousinfluenceuponChina’sexportshaveconsti,forinstance,China’,domesticdemandwillalwaysplayadecisiveroleintheeconomicgrowth,fromalongpointofview,theinfluenceofexportgrowthontheeconomicgrowthasawholewillbecomparativelysmaller(asshowninChart2).Domesticdemand,theretailofconsumergoodsinChina’,,,theslowdowninconsumptiondemandgrowthhasitsrootmainlyintheruralareas,:Theabsolutefigurefordomesticdemandisthesumofdomesticinvestmentanddomesticdemandcalculatedincurrentprice,withreadjustmentmadeaccordingtotheaverageindexofnationalincomeduringthecalculation.。

    ,China’,thisrapidgrow,thefast-growingindustriesthatplayedadrivingroleweremainlylightindustry,,,thefast-growingindustriesweremainlyinfrastructure,basicindustry,,eventhoughthesefast-growingindustrieshadmanyproblemsatthetime,includinginflation,bubbleeconomyandotherseriousproblems,,theseindustriesrespondedtoandspurredthemostextensiveandurgentcons,asindustrialaccessthresholdwasrelativelylowandthemarketwasrelativelyopen,variouscomponentsoft,,theslowdowncanbeinterpretedasavisibledeclineof,therewasaneedtofindanew,internationalexperienceandourcountry’sownpracticalconditionsallindicatethatitisentirelynecessar,theeconomicgrowthintheurbanareasismainlyrelyingontheupgradingofindustrialstructure,,clothingandoutlaytosomeextent,andareseekinghigher-qualitylifeinhousing,transportation,,housing,automobile,machinery,electroniccommunications,buildingmaterialsandurbanandruralinfrastructureconstructionaswellastheserviceindustrythatsupportsproductionandlivingareverylike,therealityisthatmostoft,thewelfare-basedhousingdistributionsystemhasbeenpreliminarilybrokenup,buttheintroductionofthecurrency-basedhousingdistributionsystem,theopeningandnurturingofthesecondaryhousingmarketandthedevelopmentofrelatedfinancialservicesstillfinditdifficulttomoveforwardinmanyplaces,includinginsomelargeandextra-largecities.(Ofcourse,somecitieshavepostedrelativelyfastprogress,whichalsoconstitutedthebasisfortherapidgrowthofthehousingindustryinrecentyears.)Therestrainingconsumptionpolicyandthestrictindustrialaccesspolicyhaveforlongmadethepricesofmostau,coupledwithfundshortage,hasmadetheconsumer,someindustriesorsectorstha,,theso-calledinadequatedomesticdemandcanbeinterpretedas"institutionalinadequatedemand".Underthiscircumstance,theexpectationsofsocialconsumptionandinvestmenthavedeclined,theexistingeconomicandsocialcontradictionsintensified,,thepeasantsarehavinglessopportunitytoenterintonon-farmindustriesandtheurbanareas,bringtheoverallnationaleconomyintoavirtuouscirclewhil,thegreateremploymentpressure,theincreasedemploymentfrictionsandconflictsbetweenurbanandrurallaborforcesandtheincreasednumber,thedeclininginvestmentexpectationhasmadeitmoredifficultfortheenterprises,especiallythesmallandmedium-sizedenterprises,,thefund-raisingdifficultyoftheenterprises,theirfund-raisingdifficultyarisesfromthe"difficultyinfindinggoodprojects"nyproblemsanddifficulties,ntialofthefast-growingindustriesisfullyreleased,,thecentralgovernmentadopted,theeconomicgr,thecentralgovernmentalsoadoptedanumberofpolicymeasuresforthereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,thehousingsystem,thesocialsecuritysystem,andthefinanciofeconomicgrowth,thepolicymd,thispolicycannotcontinueforalongtime,hispolicyOurhopeagainreliesonanewgroupoffast-growing(treasurybonds),thedrivingroleoft,theincreaseofthetotalGDPvolumehasbeenrisingannuallyheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,thebudge,(excludingcollectiveandpersonalinvestments).Secondly,thecollectiveandpersonalinvestmentsintheurbanandruralareas,whichscarcelyhaveanylinkswithtreasurybondsinvestment,,,therealestateinvestment,whichalsohaslittlelinkswithtreasurybondsinvestment,,,inaregionalperspective,theeasternregion,whichislessdependentontreasurybondsinvestment,,whichwas2percentagepointshigherthanthatinthewesternregion....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LiuShouyingInChina’sdevelopmentduringthepast50years,anumberofsignificantpolicyerrorshavatedlandwasabouttobeexhausted,Chinahadnootherchoicebuttoenforcecompulsorypoliciestocontresourcesthroughsuchcompulsorycontrolmeasures,Chinaissearchi,torestrainpeople’,greatcaremustbetakenwhenanalyzingtheimpactonpopulationgrowthresultingfromarrangementsmadeinthelandsystembecauselandsystemhasauniquecharacterandChina’’scollectivelandownershipsystem:AnendogenousmechanismstimulatingpopulationgrowthChina’straditionalcollectivelandownershipsystemkindividualpeasantfamiliesasbasicunitsandwhichh,whousedtohaveindependentproductionandmanagementdecisionrights,“membersofcollectives”,,thegainsofpeasantsaslaborersand,afamilycange,thecostofanewfamilymemberwasnotentirelybornebythefamily,everylaborercapableofbearingoffspringwouldontheonehandrelyonhisorherageadvantagetoworkforworkpoints;andontheotherhandalsotogivebirthtomorechildren,,suchawelfaredistrirameworkofthelandownershipinthecollectivizationera,itcollageshouldbeinpossesindingwaystodeterminehowmuchrossiblechangesthatmightappearinthecommunity’spres;“grainrationland”amongthepopulationanddistributethe“responsibilityland”amongthelaborers;threearrangementsoftheredistributionoflandrightsandbenefitsmentio,inactualityunderthethreeright-and-benefitarrangementsmentiualamountoflandrightsandbenefitonlywithregardtothe“grainrationland.”Whenitcomestothe“responsibilityland”onlythoseofve-meestsinthecourseofreform,wecitedatageneratedbytrcapitanetincomesorwithbetterlandendowmentpreferlessegalitarianarrangements;andthosewithlowerpercapita,%ofthevillagesinZhejiangProvincechosethethirdarrangement,,%%ofvillagesinZhejiangandJilinrespecti,differencesappearedwhenquestionedwhether,atthetimeoffixingfarmoutputquotasonthehouseholdbasis,considerationwasgiventoadjuafterfamilysizeschanged(10%and8%respectively).Mostofthevillageschosenottoundergoredistribution(40%and44%respectively).Inshar%ofvillagesresp:0%%respectively....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.10-200米Theresultsofthequestionnaireshowedthatthebusinessrevenueoftherespondententerprisesincreasedyearbyyearbetween1995and1997,,however,movedoppositelytothatintheoverallsituation:dropping1995and1997,,however,betweenenterprisesofdifferentownerships,indifferenttrades,,privately-runenterprisessufferedthebiggestloss,,onlytheconsumergoodssectorofthemanufacturingindustrysufferedyear-by-yearlosses,themanufacturingindustry,however,,thoseinLiaoningProvincesufferedlossesyearbyyear,theprofitofthoseinYunnanProvincekeptslidingdownandwasindeficitin1998,thoseinGuangdongProvincefellintoredin1997butturnedthesituationoflossesintooneofprofitin1998,andtekeptrisingyearbyyear,(Accordingto“ChinaYearbookofStatistics,2000”,theasset-liabilityratioofChina’sState-ownedandStateholdingindustrialenterpriseswas62percentin1999,whilethatoflargeandmedium-sizedindustrialenterpriseswas60percent).Amongtheenterprisesofdifferentownerships,privately-ownedenterpriseshadthebiggestasset-liabilityratio,standingat131percent,followllest,,thetertiarysectorhadthebiggestasset-liabilityratioof97percent,andthecapita,Liaoningrankedatthetopwithanasset-liabilityratioof101percent,oftheenterprisescoveredinthequestionnairebythreeindexes:thecompositionoftheacademiccredentialsoftheiremployees,theproportionofthosethathadpassedISO9000certification,andthe,thosewhohadreceivededucationatandabovethepolytechniclevel(includingeducationintechnical,vocationalandseniormiddleschools),thelevelwasstillfairlylow(Accordingto“ChinaYearbookofStatistics,2000”,thenumberofemployeesin1999who’stotalnumberofemployeesincludingthoseworkingintheruralareas).ViewedfromtheproportionofthosethathadpassedISO9000certification,,thoseundertheitem“Others”,gofpollutants,,nearly30percentoftheenterprisescoveredinthequestionnairewerenotyet,,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

    ag环亚集团EVO视讯--AsurveyreportfromSOEmanagersin2000ResearchReportNo53,2001TheChineseEntrepreneursSurveySystemunderthePersonnelCentreoftheDevelopmentResearchCentreoftheStateCouncilandtheResearchDepartmentofChinaEnterprisesFederationjointlyorganizedandimplementedthe"2000:Asurveybyquestionnairesamong1,000SOEmanagers".Atotalof4,000questionnairesweredistributedattheendof2000and1,ses(SOEs)basedin31provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesexceptHongKong,,%,46%%.Thesurveyshowsthatmostofthemanagersagreethattheadministrativereformandrelationshipadjustmentbetweenthegovernmentandenterpriseshaveachievedinitialresults;gratifyingchangeisseenintherelationsbetweenownershipandmanagementofenterprises,thepositionofthestateasaninvestorhasgraduallybeenclarified,andthesimultaneousassessmentofmanagersandstateassetshaschangeddrastically;thenumberofenterprisestransformedinstructurehasincreased,butthereisalongwaytogobeforeasubstantialprogresscanbemade;theenterprises’stockrighthasbeenmorediversified;’effort,sifymanagementandhavethereforemuchupgradedtechnologicallevel,butcomparedwiththedevelopedcountries,therestillexistsawidegap-theinvestmentinRDisnotsufficient,andtechnologicaldevelopmeivemeans;thestatelawsandregulationsexerciseeffectivepowerovertheenterprisemanagers,buttheappointmentofthemandtheirdeputiesaremainlymadebysuperiordepartments;lackofincentivemechanismandadministrativeinterfer,themanagershaveputforwardquiteafewsuggestionsforthegovernmenttoimprovemacroeconomicenvironment:thegovernmentshouldcreateamorelenientclimateforSOEs,stepupeffortstocurb"arbitraryfines,chargesandlevies",furtherreducethetaxburdenonenterprises,continuetoseverelycrackdownonsmugglingandimprovemarketorderthroughstricterl(1),th"howwouldyouevaluatethecurrentadministrativereformandadjustmentofgovernment-enterpriserelationship",1%ofthemanagersresponded"verysatisfied";20%ofthemsaid"fairlysatisfied";%"so-so";%"notquitesatisfied";%"verymuchunsatisfied."Thisindicatesthatamajorityofmanagersbelievedthattheadministrativereformandadjustmentofgovernment-enterpriserelationshiphasgainedinitialresults.(2)Theenterprises’,"guaranteeingenterprises’decision-makingpower",45%ofthesurveyedsaid"fairlygood";%"so-so";%"fairlybad".Thesurveyindicatesthatthe14itemsofdecision-makingpowerthatthestatedecl,moreeffsesandEstablishmentofaModernCorporateSystem(1)Gratifyingchang"Inwhataspectshastherelationsbetweenownershipandmanagementofyourenterprisebeenstreamlined",%ofthesurveyedanswered"thepositionofthestateasinvestorhasbeenclarified";31%agreedthat"thevariousself-decisionrightsoflegalentitieshavebeenbasicallyguaranteed";%said"enterprises’corporategovernancestructureiscomplete";%sharedthat"therepresentativeororganofstateownershipisclear";%ofthesurveyedbelievedthat"enterprisecorporategovernancestructureisreallyfunctioning";%replied"therelationshasnotbeenstreamlinedyet".Onthequestion"whethersomebodyororganisexercisingtherightofstateshareholdersonbehalfofthestate",%ofthemanagersreplied"yes"%,"no".,"whetherthedepartmentororgantoassessyourmanagersarealsoresponsibletoassessthemaintenanceandincreaseofstateassetvalue",80%ofthemanagerssaid"yes"andonly20%"no".ntrelations,butals,,%ofthemanagersbelievethattheircompanieshaverealizedstockrightdiversification.(2)%ofthemanagersreplied"havealreadyrestructured";%"notrestructuredyet";and39%"beingrestructured".Whatdoestherestructuringmeantoth%oftheanswerswere"thecompanies’internalmanagementsystemhasbeenimproved";%ofthereplieswere"theownership-managementrelationsareclarified";%oftherespondentssaid"ascientificandstandardizedcorporategovernancestructurehasbeensetup";%,"decision-makinghasbeenmorescientific";%,"thedecision-makingpowerhasbeenexpanded";%,"theenterprises’performancehasobviouslyturnedforthebetter"....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.:aMajorImpedimenttoIndustrializationofHighTechnologyExperiencesofforeigncountrieshaveprovedthat,intechnologicaldevelopmentsystem,transsthescientificresearchachievementsmadebyscientificresearchinstitutes,universi,theratiooftransformationofresearchachievementshasforyearsbeenaroundalowlevelof5%,ades,wepacedalongtheoldpathtotransferscientificre,thefundsprovidedbythegovernmentwerefarfromsufficienttosupportthetransformationofresearchachievements,so,somewithmarketpotentialhadtobes,duetothelackofrealinvestmentbodiesandmechanismsoflimitingcost,andencouragingbettereconomicreturnsfrominvestmentinparticular,theeffectofthefundsusedforthetransformationofresearchachievementswasverylow,therefore,itcouldhardlyposeavirtuouscyc,therealityisthatscientificresearchandhi-techindustryareseparatedasiftheybelongedtodifferentsectors:Scientificresearchersdonotcareforcommercialbenefitsfortheirach,meanwhile,hasnowaytoarousetheenthusiasmofresearchersinupgradingproductsandprtegrationofthetwosegments,,thegovernmentmadetremendouseffortstoencouragebanksreditco-opsinvariousareasacrossthecountry,thegovernmentsparednoeffortstoadjusti,however,nologicalenterprisesdidnotoperateasoriginallyrequired,butturnedintonon-bank,commercialbanksbecamenotso"obedient"asbeforewhentheirreformtowar’sBankofChinain1998showedthattheenterpriseslocatedinthehi-techdevelopmentzonesinBeijing,Tianjin,Jilinandotherprovincesandmunicipalitieswereuniversallyhauntedbyshortageoffunds,,forinstance,plannedanincreaseofRMB100millionasspecialloansearmarkedforscientificandtechnologicaldevelopmentin1997,gNewTechnologyIndustrialDevelopmentandTestZonehasalsorevealedthatonly7%oftheenterpriseslocatecingmethod,plansandadministrativemeasures,commercialbanks,obligedbytheirpromisesofrepayingtheprincipalsandintereststodepositors,havetooperateinasteadfastwayathecharacteristicsofhigh-techenterprisesthatareunstable,lackingguaranteeassets,,therefore,banksappeartobeveryprudentintheirselectionoftargetproj,’sBankofChina,theshort-termloanswithinoneyearaccountedformorethan95%entralgovernmentestablishedtheprincipleofactivelypromotingdevelopmentofhi-techindustry,therehasbeenacommonunderstandinginrecentyearsthatthecapitalmarkattheShanghaian,thestatusquoofChina’scapitaoneisatypicalexample:a)Ofthe2,343joint-stockenterpriseslocatedinBeijing’sZhongguancunarea,onlythreeraisedfundstotalingRMB860millionfromthestockexchangebyissuingA-sharesin1998.(StudyReportofBeijingNewTechnologyIndustrialDevelopmentandTestZone,1999)b)Therehasbeennoexamplesoforthatanyscientificandtechnicale)ThepropertyrightsmarketinBeijinghasbeenkeptbypainstakingeffortssinceitsestablishment,,)TheBeijingMunicipalGovernmentpooledRMB500millionin1998ands.Withotherfundsearmarkedforventureinvestment,thet,,whilethedeep-rootedcauseliesintheincompletenessofmarketandrisksassessmentsystemsandinsomepr)Atpresent,therearethreeguaranteefundsinBeijingforsmallandmedium-sizedhigh-techenterprises,setupbythemunicipalgovernment,formalitiesforobtainingguaranteesaretoocomplicatedanddifficult,whe,however,thatmorethanhalfofhi-techenterprisesagreeth%ofenterpriseshavetakeortinghi-techenterprises,themajorproblemslyinginChina’scapitalmarketaremanifestedinthefollowingfouraspects:a)’scurrentmarketwithaunitarylayercanneithermeetthefinancingdemandofalargenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedhigh-techenterprises,,Chinascapitalmarkethasdevelopedtowardshighcentralizationandsimplifiedtobetwostockexchanges,imited,itisinevitabletoexcludecertainmar,namely,thestockexchange,thismarketisboundtofavorbige’traisesufficientfundsfromthecapitalmarket,wlayeroftrading,itscapacitywouldbelimiteddueto,aphenomenonatChinasstockexchanges,,invederaconsiderableamountofsocialfundsfromenteringintothecapitalmarket,thusleavingthemidle....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.MiJianguoYanKunResearchReportNo79,rvisionSystemSincethestartofreformandopeningup,throughcontinuousstudyandrenovation,apreliminarymulti-leivedecreesoffinanceandtaxation,standardisingeconomicorderandguaranteeingtheimpleme’ssocialistmarketeconomysystem,theroleoffinanceandtaxa,theoldpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemcannolongerm,ithasbecomenecessaryandpressingtoestablishandcompleteapublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemandascientificoperationmechanismthatareinlinewiththesocialistmarkmulti-levelpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemwasgraduallyestablishedonthebasisoftheplann:,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasbeencharacterisedbylarge-scalefinance,taxationandpriceinspections,whichwerecarriedoutalloverChina,knownas"guerrillawarfare".Inspiteofcertainachievements,suchinuslackofarestrictivesupervisionmechanismtosuperviseandrestraintheimpacttotaxationofneweconomicactionsandtransactionmethods(suchasenterpriserestructuring,assetreorganizationande-commerce),,,,manyproblemshaveemergedregardingthestandard,"threemajorinspections"in1998,manylocalities(provinces)haveadoptednewmeasuresandmethodstoconductpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision(,HubeiProvincehasestablishedthePublicFinanceSupervisionDivisiontocarryoutnetworkedandsystematicsupervision).However,"threemajorinspections"isthattheirconcenttionsupervision,’sideologyandsetup,assoonaspossible,ascientificandstandardsupervisionmechanismtostrengthenpre-andmid-eventsupervision,coverthewholeprocessoffinanceandtaxationactivitiesundersupervision,changeafter-eventhandlingtoprocesscontrol,thepressingissueishowtosetupahighlyefficientsupervisionmechanismwhichcoversallprocessesandlinkspracticallybasedonth,cfinancemanagementandpublicfinance,ChinaonlyhastheBudgetLaw,,thePublicFinanceManagementLaw,thePublicFina,theBudgetLawhasonlyspecifiedcriterionsforthegovernmentandthepublicfinancedep,accordingtorelevantprovisionsintheBudgetLaw,thePublicFinanceManagementLawshouldbeformulatedtofurtherdefinethelimitsofauthority,,thePublicFinanceandTaxationSupervisionLawshouldalsobeformulatedtodefinetheauthority,themethodsandtheextentofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision,,toalargeextent,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasconstit,etheinspectionwasfocusedonenterprisefinancialaffairswheremos,itwasquiteeffectivebecausemostpunishmentstooktheformoffines,,thefocusofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisiononsmallcoffersandextra-budgeta,therehasbeennofundamentalchangeinourthoughts,methods,meansandtreatmentofsupervision,,westillrelylargelyonaccountadjustmentsandfines,regardlessofthefactthattheyarenon-profitinstitutionsandhavef,asextra-budgetaryincomeisgraduallyincludedintobudgetorintospecialaccounts,withtheimplementationofthecomprehensivepublicfinancebudgetmanagement,chargingfinesisliketransferringfundsbetween"theleftandrightpockets",therestr,intermsofthetypesofregulation-breachingactsoftheadministrativeandpublicestablishments,therearelesscasesrelatedtofinancialaccountingproceduresthantodecision-makingandadministrativeactionsoftheirleadership,whichincludesunauthorisedfunds,lavishdistributionofbonuses,deliberatetreasurymix,unauthorisedtaxreductionorexemption,,undersuchcircumstances,economicpunishmenthasbutlimitedeffect,anditsrationalityoughttobequestioned....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.白金会在线网址重合同守信誉企业市级明星企业,ChinaEntrepreneurSurveySystemResearchReportNo212,2001TheChineseentrepreneurssurvey2001wasorganizedbytheChineseEntrepreneur,000questionnaireswereissuedinmid-August2001,ofwhich4,’s31provinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesdirectlyunderthecentralgovernment,exceptHongKong,,state-owedandnon-state-ownedenterprisesrespectivelyaccountedfor31percentand69percent,andthelarge,,,generalmanagers,chiefexecutiveofficers,nincl,thesurveycoveredcorporatesystemchange,economicrestructuring,marketeconomicorderregulationandChina’wnturnintheUnitedStatesandJapan,China’’smacroeconomicperform,however,entrepreneursbelievedthatproblemssuchassaggingeffectivedemandandfinancingrestraintswerestillimpedingthedevelopmentofenterprisesandthatteadyprog’songoingeconomicrestructuringwastodevelophigh-anditutedthekeytocopingwithChina’sWTOacces,theybelievedthatcorporategovernanceneededfurtherimprovementandhopedthatthegovernmentcouldfurtherregulatemarketeconomicorder,,China’,however,thedemandforChina’sexportswa,ingeneral,,“normal”.“rathercool”or“toocool”.Thisproportionisroughlyidenticalwiththatinlastyear’ssurvey,’smacroeconomicoperationthisyearhaslargelymaintainedthegooddevelopmenttrendsince2000(seethefollowingfigure).Figure1ProportionofEntrepreneursBelievingMacroeconomicOperationWas“RatherCool”or“TooCool”inRecentYearsGuoLihongEconomicrestructuringtakesplaceconstantly,independentofpeople’sawareness,ngthemselvesinarelativewaywhencomparedwithothercountries,andthemostevirestructuring,anditcanachieveeitherafavorableoranunfavorableresult,,namely,thelarge-scaletransnationalflowofproductionfactors,large-scaletransnationalinvestmentofindustrialcapital,,anditincludesboththeemergenceofsunriseindustriesandenterprises,andthageisinnatureaprocessofstrengtheningtheeconomybothquantitativelyandqualitatively,,EuropeisonaparwiththeUS,,therearerelativelybigdifferencesamongEurope,,,,spontaneousevolutionprocess,nomenaandmarketdevelopment,,itisanorganiccombinationofaseriesofsocialandmarketfactors(education,culture,capital,technology,humantalents,industrialorganizationsandbusinessenvironment),butit’,thegovernmentsofvariouscountriesarelearningfromtheUSexperienceandhavestrengthenedsystembuildup,encoura,governmentalcapitalhas,theFrenchJospinGovernmentcreatedaventureinvestmentfundbytransferringreturingofemergingindustrializedcountriesandregions(representedbytheFourLittleAsianDragons).rrecttheirmistakes,andit’g-timeaccumulationofindustrialandcommercialcapitalofac,anyfailureinfence-mendingwillmakeitimposs,thecommonfocusofthestructuraladjustmentoftheFourLittleDragons(andinaweakersenseotherASEANcountries),itisashort-termmeasuretakenforthesakeofeconomicsecurity,whichisaime,Malaysiare-openeditsforeigncurrencyexchangemarket,andHongKonghandedbacktoinvestorsthe“officialstocks”,fence-mending,SouthKoreaincludedsomespecialmeasuresrelatedtoenterpriserestructuringinitsstructuraladjustmentprograms,suchasencouragingthedevelopmentofsmalla:(1)topromotethebirthandgrowthofhi-techenterprisesthroughintegratedpolicies;(2)toopenwidertothe,SouthKoreaiswillingtotakepoliticalrisks(duetodifferentsocialandculturalbackground)."shocktherapy"havecometorealizethatanyeconomicrestructuringrandomlydrivenbythemarketforceintheabsenceofbasiclawsandeffectivemechanismsonlyresultedin"shocks"withoutany"therapies".Thisisthe“post-Washingtonconsensus”.FormostformerSovietrepublicsandeasternEuropeancountriesintransformation,itseemsnottobetherighttimenowtotalkaboutanyactive,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.LongGuoqiangInternationalpivotalportsareofgreatsignificancetotheadvanceoftheinternationalcompetitivenessofacountry’’sShanghaiandShenzhenPortshavealreadybecometwooftheworld’,Chinashouldacceleratethereformofnationaltrade,internation,thedevel,thevolumeoffreighthandledbytheworld’,thefreighthandledbytheworld’slargestports(Rotterdam,theNetherlandsin1985andHongKongin2000)majorinternationalshippingroutesandarenotedforhighefficiency,ansitfreighttheyhand,internationalpivotalportsareplayinganincreasinglyimportantr,thegovernmentsofsomecountriesandregionsha,HongKong,Singapore,PusanandKaohsiunghavebecometheworld’,,,’sportsismainlyattributedtothedevelopmentofitsowntrade,,SingaporeandKaohsiungrespectivelyaccountsfor40percent,,,infaceofanincreasinglyintenseinternationalcompetition,de,developinginternationalpivotalportsisarequirementofincreasingChina’’ssixthlargestexportcountry,andthecompetitiveadvantageincostandpricewillcontinuetobethemaincompetitivenessofChina’ofexitforthecontainersintheregionofthePearlRiverdelta,,ithelpsincreasethecompetitivenessofChina’,astheefficiencyofdomesticportsincustomsclearanceisnothigh,,asmostofthisregion’sexportisintheformofprocessingtrade,’simportisthroughHongKong,higherimportcostalsoweakensthecompetitivenessoftheregion’,theimbalanceinimportandexp,becauseofthesmallamountofinternationaltransitbusiness,thecargos’etworegionsoftheYangtzeRiverdeltaandthePearlRiverdelta,,developinginternationalpivotaluthalfofChina’,theefficiencyofcustomsclearancehasbecomeanimportantaspectwhenforeignbusinessmenevaluateChina’encyofChina’,Shanghaicarriedoutaexperimentreformcalled"greatcustomsclearance".Asaresultoftheexperiment,,suchasIntel,indicatedthattheywouldnotonlyexpandtheirproductioninvestmentinShanghai,nalpivotalports,suchmeasureswilldefinitelyimprovethecountry’,developinginternationalpivotalportsisarequirementforincreasingtheaddedvalueofChina’ofChina’stotalexport,andincreasingtheaddedvalueoftheprocessingtradeisanimportantwaytofurther,thankstothemasstransferoftheITandothermanufacturingindustriestoChina,electromechanicalproductsmanufacturinghasbecomethefast-growingandlargestsectorintheexportofChina’,theprocessingtradeofelectromechanicalproductshassomeuniquefeatures,suchas"zeroinventoryforproduction,globalizationofprocurementandnetworkingordering".Thesehaveputforwardhigherre,thelowefficiencyofChina’scustomscleara,reformingthecustomsclearancesystemanddevelopinginternationalpivotalportswillhelpincreasetheaddedvalueofChina’,developinginternationalpivotalportsisarequirementfordevelopingmoderndistributionandstrengtheningChina’sstatusastheworld’’sstatusintheinternationalmanufacturingdivisionoflaborhasdrasticallyelevated,theindustrialchainofthecountry’sforeigntradehasbee,somewell-knowninternationalretailenterprisesareplanningtoestablishgoodsdistributioncentersattheportsclosetoChina’,Val-MartplanstoestablishaprocurementanddistributioncenterinShenzhenforprocurement,classifiedpackaging,’smoderndistribution,butalsofurtherspurexportandstrengthenChina’sstatusastheworld’,theexistingcustomsclearancesystemisinconsistent,Chinahasalreadyha,thecoastalcitiesineastChinaareallonthemajorinternationalshippingroutesinwesternPa,thecontainershandledinEastAsiaaccountedfor50percentoftheworld’,thereisagreatpotentialforthepo,China’’,,China’sinternationaltradeismainlyconc,Ch,China’y’sownforeigntrade,,theYantianPortinShenzhenisinvestedandmanagedbytheHehuangGroup,,China’sShanghaiPortandShenzhenPortrespectivelyrankedthefifthandeighthamongtheworld’slargestcontainerports....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.dGuaranteeSysteminChinaSince1998,governmentsatalllevelsbeganexploringthepossibilityofhelpingsmallandmedium-sizedheendofJunethisyssurveyshowsthatthisnetworkdidplayapositiveroleidmedium-sizedenterprisesinoperationcanbesummarizedasfollows:(1)CorporateguaranteeinstitutionsasthemainbodyofthecurrentguaranteesystemMostoftheexistinginstitutionsarecreditguaranteeentities,naggregate,communityandinstitutionlegalentities,ofwhich,inantlybythegovernment(largelywithfiscalfunds),,withindependentaccountingandoperations,responsiblefortheirownprofitsandlosses.(2)HighdispersionasthemaintendencyofguaranteeinstitutionsUnderthegovernmentsponsorshipatvariouslevels,smallandmedium-sizedcreditguaranteeinstitutionshavemushroomedoverthepasttwoyearsinvillages,townships,nofgovernmentleaders,yspecialdepartments,suchasfinancialbureau,townshipenterprisebureau,economicandtradecommissionorassociationofindustryandcommerce,whoserules,haiBranchoftheChinaEconom,theirproviders--financialdepartmentsofvillage,townshipordistr,dispersionevencharacterizestheirdecision-makingmechanism.(3)SmallsizeastheirgeneralcharacterThishas,,thelargesthad10employees,wheDespitetheirpositiveroleindemonstrationandpromotionforcreditguarantee,theseguaranteeinstitutionsarealsoplaguedwiththefollowingnoteworthyproblems:(1)Absenceof,thefundsoftheguaranteeinstitutionsaremostlyonelumpsumfromlocalfiscalbu,havingnooptionotherthanraisingguaranteeconditions.(2)Absenceofrisk-sharingmechanismwithbank,guaranteeinstitutionsgenerallyshoulder70to80percento,fragilestrengthandweaknegotiationpositionmadeitpossibleformostbankstoshiftrisksinvolvedinprovidingcreditforsmallandmedium-sizedenterprisestotheguaranteeinstitutions,withmanyofthemforcedtoundertake100%capacity,butalsoweakenedthebanksexaminationandassessmentoftheenterprises,thusaggravatingrisksasawhole.(3)Lackofstandardizedmanagementan,atpresent,hems,,absenceofhorizontalexchangechannelsamongguaranteeinsti,creditguaranteerequiresexpertiseinfinance,fiscal,law,t-timeemployeesorretirees,,,thismanageme,excessiveguaranteesumforasingleprojectandotherabuses.(4)PronetoimproperandunfairfunddistributionThoughtheoreticallyofpublicwelfareandformassivesmallandmedium-sizedenterprisesinfundutilization,theco,thenatureofthecorporatesystemmadeitdifficultforthesegovernment-sponsoredguaranteecompaniestobeimmunetoprofittemptations,,someguaranteecompanieswereapttopreferlargeenterprisesandloathethesmallon,,nosh’ssubsidiesagainstriskstoprivateshareholders,alprocess,high,thec,theguaranteeinstitutionsbasicallyofferedtheirservicesonlyforcirculatingfunds,,,theguaranteeinstitutionsdemanded30%asguaranteefund,bankdemandedanother15%asguaranteefund,,,oftheguaranteesofferedbytheCreditGuaranteeAssociationintheYamagataCountyofJapan,70%requirednomortgage,withtheproportionoffundsgoingforequipmentinvestmentsreaching58%andthatlastingfromthreetotenyearshitting61%(seeCreditGuaranteeMonthly,,2001,publishedbytheYamagataCountyCreditGuaranteeAssociation).Clearly,servicesprovidedbytheexistingguaranteeinstitutionsinChinacanhardlymeetfinancingdemandsofthelargenumbersofsmallandmedium-sizedenterprises....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.20108月通过ISO9001:2000国际质量管理。

    我公司以LiShantong,HouYongzhiZhaiFanInordertofacilitatethestudyandresearchonthe10thFive-YearPlan,ourcenter,incollaborationwiththerelevantunits,organizedaninternationalseminaronthegrowthpotentialoftheChineseeconomy,,thefastgrowthofChineseeconomywasstimulatedmainlyb,thepotentialdrivingforceforeconomicgrowthisdecidedbytheimprovement,bothinqualityandquantity,oftheproductivity,,therapidaccumulationofcapitalandtheimprovementinproductivityaccountedforthelion’sshareinthecontributionstothefasteconomicgrowthofChina,thecontributionbytheaggregateoflaborforcewassmall,butthecontributionm,capitalinputcontributedtonearly60%ofChina’seconomicgrowth,thecontributionbytheimprovementinproductivitywas30%,butthecontributionbytheexpansionoftheaggregatelaborforceaccountedformerelyabout12%.,China’sinvestmentratehadalwaysmaintainedatabout35%,andduringabouthalfofthisperiod,investmentratewasclosetoorexceeded40%.Rapidincreaseinresidents’incomeandastrongsavingsinclinationamongthe,theyear-endoutstandingamountofvarioussavingsofthefinancialinstitutionsincreasedfrom160billionyuanto9,,theyear-endsavingsbalanceofresidentsincreasedfrom40billionyuanto5,,itspercentageinthetotalamountincreasedfrom25%to56%.Thesecondreason,theaccumulatedamountofforeigncapitalutilizedtotaledUS$0yearswasfirstcreditedtotheoptimizationofresourcesallocationadvocatedbythereformandopeninguppolicy,andsecondlycreditedtothecontributionsmadebyenterprises’micro-efficiencyimprovement,technologyadvance,andpr,thefollowingfactorscontributedtotheimprovementofproductivity:First,technologyadvanceincreasedthetechnologicalcontentofcapitalandincreasedtheoutputlevelofthesameamountofcapital;Second,theimprovementinthenationaleducationlevelincreasedthetechnologicalcontentoflaborandtheoutputlevelofthesamelaborforce;Third,reformpromotedthereasonableflowofresources,particularlylaborresources,amongdepartmentsandregions,improvedtheallocationefficiencyofresourcesandstrengthenedenterprises’%from1978to1997,thecontributionbythetransferofrurallaborerswasonepercentagepoint;Fourth,theinflowofforeigncapitalmadeupthedeficiencyofdomesticcapitalsupply,mewiththeinflowofforeigncapital,whichpromotedtheformationofacompetitivemechanismandimprovedthecompetitiven,,thegrowthrateofChineseeconomysloweddownyearbyyear,%%,basedonthisdecline,considerthatChineseeconomyhasdri,Chineseeconomywillcontinuetomaintainitsfastgrowth,urplusofproducts,thelong-te,researchindicatesthatinthemediumandlongterm,thefastgrowthoftheC(1)Itisestimatedthattheinvestmentrateinthecoming10yearsmaycontinuetomaintainatthepresentlevel–35-40%.Thecontinuingincreaseinresidents’incomewillleadtorapidincreaseinresidents’,thestrongsaveatattractiontoforeigninvestors,thestandardizationandtransparencyofforeigncapitalpoliciesaftertheentryintotheWorldTradeOrganizationwil,theinflowofforeigncapitalwillcontinuetomaintainthemomentumofrapidincrease.(2)Alongwiththedevelopmentineducationandurbanization,,majorcontradictioninthefieldofsupplyanddemandoflaboristhefastincreaseofthelaborforceagainsttheaggravatedemploymentpressurecausedbytheadjustmentsofeconomicstructure.(3)Theimplementationofthe“invigoratingthenationthroughscienceandeducation”strategywill,atthetimeofimprovingthequalityofthelaborers,increasethestate’,atthetimeofintroducingforeigncapitalintothecountry,,tedtomaintainorsurpasstheperformanceinthepast20years.(4)China’sindustrializationhasnotcompletedyet,the“dualstructure”oftheeconomystillexistswidely,thereasonabletransferofresources,particularlylaborresources,amongdepartmentssuchasthetransferoflaborforcefromagriculturetothenon-agriculturalsectors,willleadtothefurtherimprovementinproductivityandthegrowthinthegrossnationaloutput.(5)Alongtheimprovementinthemarketeconomicstructureandtheexpansionanddeepeningoftheopening-uppolicy,competitionamongenterpriseswillintensify,andthiswillultimatelyleadtotheimprovementintheefficiencyoftheoveralleconomicactivities....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、白金会在线网址用户至上888app安卓ChengXiusheng,LiWei-an,QiAnbangandWangXiaomingResearchReportNo044,rviceModernenterprisesusuallyusethefollowingfourpatternsofdistributionservice:(1)Theclientself-servicepattern(firstpartydistributionservices).Withthispattern,a"self-sufficient"pattern,hardlysocializedandspecialized,hasloweconomicefficiency.(2)Thesupplierdistributionservicepattern(secondpartydistributionservices).Withthispattern,asupplierusesits,thisservicepatternhashigherlevelofsocializationthanthefirstpartyservicepattern,,itsservicetargetsremainlimitedwithintheclientsofthesupplier.(3),athirdpartyofdistributionserviceenterpriseotherthanthetwopartiesofatransactionusesitsdistributionservicefacilitiesandequipment,thethirdenterprisethatprovidedistributionservicesmustcarryoutoperationandcertainmanagementtasksfortheownerenefficiencyandresults.(4),integratedmanagementserviceofmoderndistributionprovidedbyafourthserviceparty(whichisneitherthetwotransactionpartiesnorthethirdparty)to,whichincludesystemdesignfordistributi,itssubcontractorsandquasidistributionenterprises,whichincludeintegrationofdistributionservices,transportationandoptimalstoragemanagement,distributionandclientservicemanagement,,thedevelopmentofsocialiseddistributionservicesgenerallyundergoesthefollowingstages:(1)ThestageoftraditionalserviceThisisapatternandstageofsocialiseddistribution,thesocialisationofse(2)ThestageofsocialisedmoderndistributionThi,aproviderofthethirdpartymaycarryoutmostofthedistributionoperationofaclient(productionorcirculation)enterprise.(3)Thestageofintegratedandsocializeddistributions,whilethethirdpartyprovidescomprehensivedistributionservicestocliententerprises,thenewspecialisedprovidersofintegratedservices(thefourthpartyofdistributionservice)providciety,andconsequentlyformthepanChina(1)Chinaisinaninitialstageoftransitionfromthetradititherearestillalargenumberofenterprisesthatprovidetraditionaldistributionserviceand"quasidistribution",thenumberofthiskindofdistributionenterprisesisdiminishing,whilethenumberegivinguptheirprevioussimplifiedser,manyenterprisesofthirdpartydistributionser,themanufacturingandcirculationenterprisescontinuetoadoptthefirstpartydistributionasthemainservicepatternatpresent,,whilethefourthpartyservicepatternisstillinthestageoftheoreticalstudyandpublicity.(2)Self-spossessandmaintaintheirowndistributionservicefacilitiesfortransportation,storageandhandling,whileself-sufficientserviceremainsthemajorsourceofdistributionservicesforindustrialandcommercialenterprises.ChenXiaohong,ZhangWenkuiLiZhaoxiResearchReportNo187,,thereformofthestateassetmanagementsystemisanimportantissuecloselylinkedtothereformofthestate-ownedenterprises,foritinvolvessuchspecificiss,theThirdPlenarySessionofthe14thCPCCentralCommitteealsolaiddownthestateassetmanagementprinciple,namely,the"centralizedstate-ownership,variouslevelsofgovernmentsupervisionandautomaticenterprisemanagement".TheFourthPlenarySessionofthe15thCPCCentralCommitteefurtherstipulatedthesixteen-wordprincipleforstateassetmanagementsystem,namely,"stateownership,variouslevelsofmanagement,dividedsupervisionresponsibilitiesandauthorizedmanagement",andgavelocalgovernmentsmorepowerinthere,manymajorproblemsofthestateassetmanagementsystem,includingthebasicorientationandspecificpolicymanagement,especnagementsystem,,itremainsquiteambiguousinissuessuchasthemeaningofauthorization,sesdispersedinvariousgovernmentdepartments,enterprisesfeelatlossastowhomtoturntowhenimplementingdecisionsthatneedapprovalfromagensesandholdrelevantresponsibilities,theydonothavetheownershiprightsinlegaltermsand,therefore,,interferenceof"shareholders"thatbypasstheirimmediateleadersand"insidercontrol".Thisreportwillputforwardsomeviewsandproposalsontherelationshipforrightsforstate-ownedassets,SystemWheretheCeteassetswhileadheringto"state-ownership"lgovernmentsoverstateassetsisabasicissuerelated"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"andformulatenewstipulationson"authorizedmanagement""variouslevelsofmanagement"shouldbechangedinto"variouslevelsofownership".Webelievethatalthoughtheemergenceofthesystemandtheprincipleof"state-ownershipandvariouslevelsofmanagement"havetheirhistoricalrationale,,therefore,toadjustanddefinetheownershiprightsofthecentralandlocalgovernmentinvestors.·Chinahasalreadyrecognizedthepubliclyacknowledgedbasicprincipleofthemarketeconomicsystemof"whoeverinvestsowns"andhassetupcorrespondinglegalsystem,whichdeviatesfromtheprinciplethatgivesnoregardtoinvestorsbutcentralization;·Variouslevelsofgovernmentsalreadypossesstheownershiprightsatleastoverenterprisesinvestedbythecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsoroverthestate-ownedenterpriseswhosemanagementrightshavelongbeendelegatedtothecurrentlevelsofgovernmentsbythehigherlevelsofgovernments;therefore,anyeffortthatrefusestoadmittheexistingeconomicandlegalrelationsisapttoleadtoshort-termacts;·China’spublicfinancesystemisineffectahierarchicalsystemandwillbefurtherdevelopedandperfectedwiththecompletionofChina’staxationandpublicfinancetransferpaymentsystem;thestate-ownedenterpriseswith"centralizedownership"inthepastshouldbetrulydividedintothestate-owned(centralgovernmentowned)enterprises,localpublic-ownedenterprises(ormaybecalledlocalstate-ownedenterprisesinconsiderationofhistoricalcontinuity)orstateandlocalgovernmentjointlyownedenterprisesbasedontheirrespectiveshares;·Incountriesofmarketeconomy,state-ownedenterprisesorlocalpublic-ownedenterprisesaregenerallycalledpublicenterprisesorpublicinstitutionsownedbyautonomousentities;thepublic-ownedenterprisesofstateautonomousentitiesarethestate-ownedenterprisesandthepublicly-ownedenterpr,evenifitisjustviewedfromtheimplementationlevel,therearestillproblemsifthe"variouslevelsofownership",thereistheproblemofambiguoustargetsof"variouslevelsofownership".Shouldalllocalgovernment-financedenterprisesorenterpriseswhosemanagementrightsaredelegateddownbythecentralgovernmenttolocalgovernmentsbeownedbythelatterWhatarethebasisandconditionsfordoingsoThedelegationofpowerinthepastwasbasedonpreconditionsof"variouslevelsofmanagement"butnotof"variouslevelsofownership".Moreimportantly,thestate"centralizedownership"systeminthepastwasrelatedtotheentirestateeconomicsystems,especiallythepublicfinance,"centralizedownership"system,itisnecessar"delegated"enterprisescloselylinkedtothenationaleconomy,correspondingresponsibilitiesofvariousparties,theirrelationswithmajorenterprisereformpolicies,(),thecompletionofthehierarchicalpublicfinancesystemandtheprocesstoimprovethecorrespondingtaxationsystem....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--riodafterChina’sEntryintotheWTOGeYanfengVariouscontradictionsinChina’semploymentsectorhavebecomeextremelydominantinrecentyearsandhaveseriouslyaffectedthecountry’,howChina’semplo,ChinasentryintotheWTOwillbringaboutlastingprosperityofitseconomyandfacilitatetheperfectionofitsmarketeconomicsystem,whichwill,however,afterChinaacceptedatpresent,ChinasentryintotheWTOwill,China’semploymentsituationinthetransitionalperiodafteritsentryintotheWTOdoesnotallowmuchoptimismwhenthecountry,withthegradualbreakingdownoftradebarriers,Chinawillenterastageofeconomicdevelopmentthatismoreopenandinvolvesfiercercompetition,andatremendouschangewilltakeplaceinthemodeofitseconomicgrowth,andontheotherhand,technicaladvancementwillgraduallybecomeamajorforcedrivingupeconomicgrowthan,theroleofGDPgrowthinstimulat’shiddenemploymentwillsurf’sentryintotheWTO,domesticmarketpriceswillfureofagriculture,declineinthepricesoffarmproducewillaffecttheincomeoffarmers,surbanareaswhereenterprisereformhasresultedinadrasticcutofsurpluslaborers,yetsuchsurpluspersonnelinstate-ownedenterprisesandcollectively-ownedtownshipenterprisesstillremainat20%ormoreaccordingtoaconservative’sentryintotheWTOandwiththeintensificationofcompetition,risesexposedtoheavierpressurefromimportcompetition,andthosewithrelative’sentryintotheWTO,thenumberofemployeestob’semberofbigcitiesin1997,andtheanalysisoftherelevantdataandindexesof1997and1998,therealunemploymentrateinurbanareaswasbetween13%and15%in1997and1998whenthenumbersofthejoblessandlaid-offworkerswereincluded.*ThespeedofChinaseconomicgrowthhasnoticeablypickedupsince1999,,therealunemploymentratestillstandsaround10%sentryintotheWTO,unemploymentwillturnfromhiddentovisibletoalargeextent,anditwillbemostpossibletoseeChina’sunemploymentratesurpass15%sentryintotheWTO,itseconomyupplyanddemandoflaborforcesindiff,swiftdevelopmentwillberegisteredinsuchsectorsasfinance,insurance,telecommunications,anddistributionaswellassomehi-techenterprises,,clothing,co,agreatmanycapitalandtechnology-intensiveindustriesthathavebeendevelopedtoboostproductionofimportsubstitutes,suchasmetallurgy,automobile,machine-building,pharmaceutics,andchemicals,mayinevitablysufferandhavetocutemployeesinlargenumberechnicalfoundation,ahigherdegreeofopenness,andobviousregionalsuperioritymayexpecttoseerelativelyfaster,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesinthecentralandwesternregions,wheresmallandmedium-sizedenterpriseswithbackwardtechnologyandequipmentareconcentrated,theywillmeetevengreate,state-ownedenterpriseswillhaveamorethornyburdenofredundantemployeesandfaceaheaviertaskofstructuralreadjustmentanddivertingredundantworkersafterChina,thenon-statesectorwillhavemoreroomfor,forseveralyearsafteritsentryintotheWTO,Chinawillbeencounteredwithaverytoughcontradictionofstructuralemployment,andunemploymentwouldbeextraordinarilysevereinspecialindustries,oldindustrialbases,smallandmedium-sizedcitiesincentralandwesternregionsaswelketandbecomeunemployedforlongperiodoftime....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.、DVORosnowfallsthisspring,gro%ofthetotalsownarea,onshowsthattheacreagesowntocerealcropslastautumnandwinteramountedonlyto387millionmu,afurther7%declineofnearly30millionmu,,theacreagesowntowinterwheatwas322millionmu,decreasedby34millionmu,%,jorwheat-growingprovincesofHebei,ShandongandHenan,,Chinasgrainproductionscoredfourconsecutivenewheights,soaringfrom350milliontonsto400milliontons,,itlargelyresultedfromtheinitiativeonthepartofgovernmentsatdifferentlevelstore,duetobumperharvestsoverthepastseveralyearsinarow,,however,couldpossiblynotmeetthedemandtothefull,becauseit,givennooccurrenceofabnormalitiesformajorplayersinthedomesticandinternationalmarkets,,10millionadditionaljobopportunities,townshipandvillageenterprisesareplannedtoincreasetwomillionemployeeseveryyear,withthetotalnu,thetotaloutputvalueofthet,toreachthegoalsmentionedabove,financingproblemsthatplaguefarmersengagedinnon-farmingactivitiesandruralent,weshouldgraduallyreformruralfinancialsystemtoturnlocalcreditcooperativesintofinanndcommercialenterprisesinthecounties,whilestrengtheningthebanks’,theaverageannualproductionofgrain,cotton,oil-bearingcropsandsugarcropsofthecountryreached505milliontons,,adreachedorsurpassedtheworldaverage...Judgingfromthecurrentsituation,atemporarymajorreversalseemsunlikel,,weshouldtryourbesttopreventState-ownedgrainenterprisesfromseekingtomaximizetheirowninterestsmerelyasplayers,whenimbalancesoccurinsupplyanddemandinthegrainmarkets,nlikelyatthemoment,theprojectedgoalcanhardlybeattainedforraisingtheincomeoffarmers,unlesstimelyandsufficientfinancialservicesareofferedtotheexpansionoftownshipandv(byraisingappropriatelytheratesofagriculturaltaxesandabolishingalladministrativefeesimposedonfarmersatthesametime)eformtopushforwardrestructuringofcountyandvillagegovernmentsandtoexplorarryingonstructuralreformofruraladministration,howtoinvigoratethecountyandvillageeconomy,especiallytopromotethedevelopmentoftownshipandvillageenterprisesandthegrowthofnon-farmingoperationsofruralhouseholds,willbeamajorissueinhandlingtherelationshipamongruralreform,developmentandstabilityatthemomentandaperiodoftimeinthefuture..nth,thesluggishconsumptionofthelow-incomefamiliesandtheslowgrowthofsocialinve,someemergingundesirablesymptomsinthecourseofeco,fromthesecondquarterofthisyearon,theTenthFive-YearPlanwouldbeimplementedandt,fromthesametimeon,theraisedsalariesofgovernmentpublic,,incontrastwithglobaleconomicslowdownandfinancialturbulence,China,thetrendofsteadyprogressinproductionandeconomicreturnsformostindust,withtheirpullingeffectsfortheentire,,%invalueoverthesameperiodlastyear,%,,themetallurgicalindustryandtheindust,theelectronicsindustryandmanufacturingofcommunicationequipmentwouldslowdown,eforautomobilebuyers,themomentumofrapidgrowthwouldcontinueforsteels,ibutio,aturnforthebetterwouldbeseenbytheendoftheyear,’sWTOentrymounting,rivalrya,,insufficientpenetrationoftheruralmarket,strongmarketcompetitionandloweringprofitabilitywouldcontinuetodampenthegrowthofpostandtelecommunicationsservices.GuoLihongandZhangChenghuiOn22October2001,ChinaSecuritiesRegulatoryCommissionhastilysuspendedtheInterimManagementMeasuresontheReductionofStateSharestoRaiseS,whichfullyreflectedtheenthusiasmofallwalksoflifeinsocietyonthedevelopmentofChina’,theStateCouncildecidedtostopthepracticeof"share-reductionthroughmarket"forstateshares,,wethinkitisanabsolutelycor,itcorrectedthemistakeinatimelymanner,soth,iteliminatedtheimpactofstatesharereductionandfocusedthenextsteponthebottleneckandsolutiontoChina’sstockmarket–,completecirculationinthestockmarketmeanstoturnthenon-tradablesharesofthelistedcompanies(includingstateshares,legalpersonsharesandinternalemployeeshares)determinedattheirinitiallistingstageintotradableshares,,,,continuouseffo,:First,inthesegregatedmarket,itisimpossibes,therearetwosetsofinterestsassessmentsystemsanddif,themarketpricesforsharesarenotvalueindicatorsofallshareholders,,sellingstatesharesatmarketpricesisnothingelsebutplunderingtheholdersofthetradableshares(seeZhangWeixingandZhangChenghui,"MarketSegregationistheRootofAllProblemsofChinaStockMarket",ResearchReportofDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,,2002).Therefore,,itisalsodifficulttobescientificandfairtoreducestatesharesbasedonotherpricemeasurements(suchasnetassets).For,suchpracticewilleasilyacceleratespeculativemanipulations,andharmboththecommoninvestorsandtheinterestsofthestateshareholder(Forexample,therepresentativesofthestateshareholderscangangupwithspeculatorstoholddownthevalueofnetassetswithillegalmeans,market,whichhavelongbeenpracticedskillfullybyspeculators).Second,statesharereductionis,whichischaracterizedbypartialandlocalreformfirstandcross-the-boardreformlater,maybesuccessfulinotherfields,,thestockmarketishighlyliquidandsensitive,whereatinyproblemofthe"experiment"willgene,withaproportionof2/3,thelargeamountofnon-tradablesharesisliketheswordofDamocleshangingabovetheheadsofinvestors,,asstatesharereductioncannotbecompletedinoneeffort,itwillgiv,,thenon-tradablestateshareswillnotbesoldoutcompletely;orelsethewithdrawingstrategicadjustmentofthestateeconomyandthe"strengtheningcombinedwithwithdrawing",torealizecompletecirculation"statesharereductionthroughmarket"aretwodifferentconcepts,whichshouldnotbemixedtogether,’sstockmarketliesinmarketsegregation,andonlybysolvingtheproblemofcompletecirculationcanotherproblemsofChina’’,relevantdepartmentformulatedprinciplestipulationsontheequivalentsharevalueofstateassetsinthelistedcompanies,thetransferconditionsandthepremiumratesofissuedshares,inordertoguaranteestate,theseambiguousstipulationscreatedsuchcustomaryrulesaslistedbelow.(1)Thesharestructureofthejointstockcompaniesisdefinedtoconsistoffourkindsofshares,namely,thestateshares,legalpersonshares,publicsharesandforeignshares;andtheproportionofthefirsttwokindsofsharesgenerallytakeup2/3ofthetotal.(2)Statesharescannotbetradedfreelyinsecurityexchangeslikepublicshares,andlegalpersonsharescanonlybetransferredamonglegalpersons.(3)Sharepr,whilethepremiumofpubliclytradab,ithastintedChina’sstockmarke(notthemarketforce)astheprincipalforcedominatingthemarket,,itistheadministrativedepartments(insteadofsponsorsoflistedcompanies)whodecideontheequitystructuresofChina’’rightstomaketheirowndecisionsoninvestment,,differentinvestorsenjoydifferentrightsandsharedifferentobligations,thuslayingdowntheunequalbasisattheinitialestablishmentstageofjointstockcompanies....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.XieFuzhanandYuBinSincethebeginningofthisyear,,,’,thestatetookmeasurestodivertlaid-offworkersinthestate-ownedenterprises,reformthegovernmentinstitutions,pushforwardthehousingcommercializationandreformmedicalcare,,thesereformshavehadnegativeimpactontheresidents’,thecomprehensiveeffectofreformhasgraduallybecomeobvious–residents’expectationsh,%.Duringthe"goldenweek"inMay,thenumberoftouristssurpassed70millionperson/,’%,%.Althoughmostoftheproductsareinoversupply,andtheslightgrowthofpricesiscausedbythepriceriseineducation,housing,publicservices,petroleum,petrochemicalsandsteel,,andhousing,carandoth,%%%,,%,%oftherealestateinve%%,ofwhich,%,%.InApril,%%.Inlargecities,suchasBeijing,individualsboughtmorethan80%,,e%,the%,700state-,,theeconomywillfacequiteafewdifficultiesinthelatterhalfoftheyearduetothechangeofinternationaleconomicenvironmentandth,,China’(Spring)issuedbytheInternationalMonetaryFundinlateApril,%%%%.Generallyspeaking,,,wecanseethatthereexistmanydisputesontheforecastofAmericaneconomy,butthemaindivergenceliesinthejudge,,theeconomyintheASEANcountriesrepresentsvariablefactors,whosenegativeimpactoverChina’,foreigntradegrowthwasdeclining,ofwhich,%,theleadingindicatorsofprocessingtradeexportandthesituationinkeyexportareas,,,en,theUSdollar-linkedexchangemechanismofrenm,toacertainextent,weakentheinternationalcompetitivenessofChineseproducts,lowerthepricesofimportedproducts,,wecanseethatiftheannualexportsonlyincreaseby5%andimportsincreaseby15%,thenetde’simportandexportproductsareconsidered,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.。

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